Leather Glossary Terms

 

 ¾ leatherback:

When protection is needed up the knuckles, a ¾ back is a good option, and it still allows for some breathability.

Abrasion-resistance:

Leather gloves are known for their ability to resist wear and tear. Leather gloves designed to withstand higher degrees of friction are recognized as having excellent abrasion resistance. Pigskin gloves achieve the most top abrasion scores for leather drivers. The ANSI abrasion test levels range from 1-6, with the higher number reaching greater abrasion-resistance.

ANSI:

An abbreviation for the American National Standards Institute, this organization sets safety standards for industry PPE.

Blue split leather hide:

Leather that has been split into several layers and treated with chromium during the tanning process.

Buffalo leather gloves:

These gloves share many of the same characteristics as cowhide, yet are more durable and offered at a lower cost than other leather gloves. Buffalo leather is also more coarse than cowhide.

Clute cut:

A glove that is sewn with a one-piece leather palm. There are no seams at the base of the fingers. Instead, the seams run along with the fingers. This glove style is traditionally made with a straight thumb. There is less labor involved in making a clute cut design, which means it can be offered at a lower cost, making clute cut gloves an economical choice.

Color-coded sizing:

Refers to the colored hem on leather gloves that denotes sizing.

Contact heat resistance:

Conductive heat ratings measure the highest contact temperature for which the time to second-degree burn is at least 15 seconds, and the alarm time is at least four seconds. For more about heat tests, click here.

Continuous pull:

A reinforced seam created by extending the palm's material that is sewn on to the cuff.

Cowhide:

Leather produced from the hide of full-grown cows. It is the most popular leather because of its availability and can be made with either a smooth or rough finish.

Cuff:

The material that extends beyond the palm of a glove, providing the wearer with extra protection.
Cut and sewn: fabrics that are cut to shape and sewn together to make a glove.  Leather gloves are cut to a specific pattern, making them a cut and sewn glove.

Cut-proof glove:

Such a product doesn't exist; gloves can only offer cut-resistance.

Cut-resistance:

  The American National Standard for Hand Protection Selection Criteria, ANSI/ISEA 105, uses a nine-level scale of cut resistance. The level of cut resistance extends from 0 to 6,000 grams based on tests by a tomodynamometer (TDM Method), which moves a blade across the material. The higher the weight required to cut the materials, the higher the cut-resistance rating.

Deerskin:

The most comfortable, flexible, and softest leather MCR Safety utilizes in its leather glove lineup. We often refer to it as the most luxurious leather glove made.

Doffing:

Taking off a glove.

Donning:

Tutting gloves on one's hands.

Drivers glove:

One of MCR Safety's three core leather work gloves. They are primarily made from grain leather and offer excellent durability and tactile feel.

Elkskin:

A tough, yet supple leather hide that dries out soft and not stiff.

Fleece lining:

A soft, cotton material that provides users with extra warmth and reduces chafing.
 
Foam lining:

Creates an air barrier of protection and provides a cushioning effect. They are often used as insulation from the cold and heat.

Fourchette:

Material that joins the front and back sections of glove fingers. It is also referred to as a gusset.

Full leather back:

Leather is used to cover the entire hand for 360 protection. The full leatherback is used when additional protection is needed over the whole back of the hand.

Gauntlet cuff:

The longest cuff available. Gauntlet cuffs start at 4 1/2" length and longer, providing extra forearm and wrist protection. Leather gauntlet gloves are ideal for anyone needing protection up the forearm.

Goatskin:

Independent tests have proven goatskin leather to be one of the strongest and most durable hides available. The dense fiber structure of goatskin enables gloves made with this hide to hold up under the harshest working conditions. Goatskin offers an ultra-thin feel and natural lanolin that softens skin. Plus, goatskin gloves come in at a mid-range price point, not as expensive as elkskin or deerskin leather gloves.

Grain leather:

The outside of the skin/hide that shows the texture of pores, wrinkles, and marks.

Gunn cut:

The most common pattern found in constructing leather work gloves. Gunn cut gloves feature a seamless back, along with seams away from the palm at the base of the two middle fingers. They are designed to lessen the strain put on the glove’s materials, providing more extended wear and a higher degree of comfort. Unlike clute cut leather gloves, Gunn cut leather work gloves are designed for heavy-duty applications.
 
Gusset:

The piece of leather sewn between the fingers. It is also referred to as the fourchette.

Hem:

The edge of a piece of clothing or a glove. Our glove hems are finished with a fabric, plasticized material, or leather.

Interlock lining:

An inner liner made from a lightweight cotton interlock knit fabric.

Jersey-lined:

A liner made from a single-knit cotton fabric known for its elasticity and soft feel and at an economical price point.

Keystone thumb:

An inset thumb is sewn in as a separate piece.  It is reinforced with extra stitching and provides greater comfort and dexterity over gloves manufactured with straight thumbs.

Knit wrist cuff:

Provides a snug fit to keep out wind and debris, while protecting the user’s wrist.

Knuckle strap:

A band of material that is stitched across the back of a glove covering the knuckle area, providing additional protection.

Pigskin:

A durable, breathable, water-resistant leather used to make economical leather work gloves.

Pile lining:

A soft, cushioning cotton material.

Plasticized cuff:

Made from a waterproof polyethylene layer laminated between two pieces of fabric.

Reinforced thumb crotch:

A high wear area between your thumb and forefinger, strengthening this area with additional material allows for more extended wear.

Rolled cuff:

A cuffed hem that is created by “rolling,” or folding the leather onto itself. This style cuff provides extra protection and durability when putting on the glove.

Safety cuff:

Covers the wearer a few inches past the wrist and is designed to be removed quickly in case of emergency.

Shoulder split leather:

Leather that comes from the shoulder area where the hide is less uniform in density and appearance. The result is a less durable but more affordable leather.

Side split leather:

Leather that comes from the back and side portions of the animal. The hide is the most dense here, yielding a consistently durable grade leather.

Slip-on cuff:

Easy to get on and off.

Split leather:

When a thick piece of leather is split into two thinner sections, the top part will have grain (top grain), and the bottom section will be suede on both sides. The bottom piece is the split.

Starched cuff:

A stiffened cuff made by adding two layers of fabric laminated together and hardened with starch.

Straight thumb:

Lies straight with the index finger when not in use—the most economical thumb option, but also the one with the least range of movement.

Thermal lining:

An inner part of a glove designed to trap hot air and provide warmth.

Thermosock lining:

A liner made from a high-loft matte fiber.

Thinsulate lining:

Recognized as one of the leading materials for insulation.

TPR:

An abbreviation for thermoplastic rubber, which is incorporated on the back of the hand to protect knuckles.

Welders gloves:

One of MCR Safety's three core leather work glove categories. Welder’s gloves are designed to work around heat and resist sparks. Made with gauntlet cuffs, they are typically lined for added heat resistance.

Welt:

A thin piece of leather sewn into the seam to strengthen the glove and prolong the gloves' overall lifespan, often used at the thumb and base of fingers.

Wing thumb:

An angled thumb that is sewn out to the side and doesn’t include seams, making it the most durable, longest-wearing, and most comfortable thumb style available in our line.

Wool lining:

One of Nature's best insulators, wool dries quickly, too.